|Name||Julian Paul Assange|
|Alias||Hackers Robin Hood|
|Place of birth||North Queensland City of Townsville, Australia|
|Date of birth||July 3, 1971|
|Graduated school||University of Melbourne|
|Major achievements||2006 founder of “WikiLeaks“|
Julian Paul Assange is an Australian computer programmer, publisher, and journalist. He is known as the editor-in-chief of the website “WikiLeaks“, which he founded in 2006 after an earlier career in hacking and programming. WikiLeaks achieved particular prominence in 2010 when it published U.S. military and diplomatic documents leaked by Chelsea Manning. Julian Assange has been under investigation in the United States. Since, that time. In the same year, the Swedish Director of Public Prosecution opened an investigation into four sexual offenses that Assange allegedly committed. In 2012, facing extradition to Sweden, he sought refuge at the Embassy of Ecuador in London and was granted political asylum by Ecuador.
When Assange was a year old, his mother “Claire” (a pseudonym) married to Richard Brett Assange (an actor). At the age of 8, his parents divorced and his mother remarried to a tyrannical musician, soon separated. Assange had a nomadic childhood and had lived in over thirty different Australian towns by the time he reached his mid-teens. Assange moved town to town so frequently that full of his school age have no access to proper education. He attended many schools, including Goolmangar Primary School in New South Wales (1979–1983) and Townsville State High School, as well as being schooled at home. He studied programming, mathematics, and physics at Central Queensland University (1994) and the University of Melbourne (2003–2006), but did not complete a degree.
Claire (Assange’s Mother) was working at an electronics store to rent a house, Assange often used to do programming on that store’s computers. Later, Claire bought a computer as a gift for Assange. On which, Assange learned how to crack the usual procedures. At the age of 16, Assange began hacking under the name “Mendax”. He and two of his fellows, “Trax” and “Prime Suspect” formed a hacking group known as “International Subversives”. During this time, he hacked into, the Pentagon and other U.S. Department of Defense facilities like MILNET, the U.S. Navy, NASA, and Australian Overseas Telecommunications Commission, Citibank, Lockheed Martin, Motorola, Panasonic, and Xerox and the Australian National University, La Trobe University, and Stanford University’s SRI International. He is thought to have been involved in the WANK (Worms Against Nuclear Killers) hack at NASA in 1989, but he does not acknowledge this.
In September 1991, he was discovered hacking into the Melbourne master terminal of Nortel, a Canadian multinational telecommunications corporation. The Australian Federal Police tapped Assange’s phone line (he was using a modem), raided his home at the end of October, and eventually charged him in 1994 with thirty-one counts of hacking and related crimes. In December 1996, he pleaded guilty to twenty-five charges (the other six were dropped) and was ordered to pay reparations of a $2,100 and released on a good behavior bond, avoiding a heavier penalty due to the perceived absence of malicious or mercenary intent and his disrupted childhood. After the trial, Assange lived in Melbourne, where he survived on single-parent income support.
With extraordinary talent, Julian Assange worked as a lucrative computer security consultant, but he was always working and his academic research is not satisfied with legalistic. Assange believes that in order to conceal the truth to maintain the fight against the regime of government, the “leak” is the only way.
In 2006, Assange began work on Wikileaks, a Website intended to collect and share confidential information on an international scale. The site officially launched in 2007 and it was run out of Sweden at the time because of the country’s strong laws protecting a person’s anonymity. Later that year, Wikileaks released a U.S. military manual that provided detailed information on the Guantanamo detention center. Wikileaks also shared emails from then-vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin that it received from an anonymous source in September 2008.
WikiLeaks published secret information, news leaks, and classified media from anonymous sources. By 2015, WikiLeaks has published more than 10 million documents and associated analyzes, and has been described by Assange himself as “A giant library of the world’s most persecuted documents”. The published material between 2006 and 2009 attracted various degrees of publicity, but it was only after it began publishing documents supplied by Chelsea Manning that Wikileaks became a household name. The Manning material included the Collateral Murder video (April 2010), the Afghanistan war logs (July 2010), the Iraq war logs (October 2010), a quarter of a million diplomatic cables (November 2010), and the Guantánamo files (April 2011).
Sexual Assault Controversy:
In early December 2010, Julian Assange discovered that he had other legal problems to worry about. He had been under investigation by the Swedish police since early August, in connection with two sexual assault cases. After a European Arrest Warrant was issued by Swedish authorities on December 6, Assange turned himself into the London police.
After a series of extradition hearings in early 2011 to appeal the warrant, Assange learned on November 2, 2011, that the High Court dismissed his appeal. Still on conditional bail, Assange made plans to appeal to the U.K. Supreme Court, in regard to the case.
According to a New York Times article, Julian Assange came to the Ecuadorean Embassy in London in June 2012, seeking to avoid extradition to Sweden. Nearly two months later, in August 2012, Assange was granted political asylum by the Ecuadorean government, which, according to the Times, “protects Mr. Assange from British arrest, but only on Ecuadorean territory, leaving him vulnerable if he tries to leave the embassy to head to an airport or train station.” The article went on to say that the decision “cited the possibility that Mr. Assange could face ‘political persecution’ or be sent to the United States to face the death penalty,” putting further strain on the relationship between Ecuador and Britain, and instigating a rebuttal from the Swedish government.
While still in his teens, Julian Assange married a woman known only as Teresa, and in 1989, they had a son, Daniel Assange, now a software designer. The couple separated and fought over custody of the child until they worked out a custody agreement in 1999. Assange was Daniel’s primary caregiver for much of his childhood. In an open letter to French President François Hollande, Assange stated his youngest child lives in France with his/her mother. He also stated that his family has faced death threats and harassment due to his work, thus forcing them to change identities and reduce contact with him.
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