Aaron Swartz


Aaron Swartz Hackagon

Name Aaron Hillel Swartz
Born November 8, 1986, Highland Park, Illinois, U.S.
Death January 11, 2013 (Aged 26), Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
Cause of Death Committed Suicide
Occupation Software developer, Writer, Internet activist
Education Stanford University
Major Achievements RSS, Markdown, CC, Web.pyReddit

Aaron Swartz is a famous young computer genius, the famous social networking site “Reddit” co-founder, designer. He is also a digital age Robin Hood, committed to opening up the network information, because of the alleged trespassing Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and JSTOR (full name Journal Storage, An academic journals online storage system) is accused, he will be subject to up to 35 years in prison and a fine of $ 1 million. The case was in the plea stage, when Aaron Swartz on January 11, 2013, in his Brooklyn apartment, hanged himself with a belt, the body was subsequently found by his girlfriend.


November 8, 1986, Aaron Swartz was born in Chicago, the son of Robert Swartz is a software expert, and mother Suzanne is a weaving, sewing, and fiber material artists.

Aaron Swartz got influenced by the immeasurable Internet world. At the age of 13, he alone set up his own first non-profit website called (The, is a free online encyclopedia, everyone can add, edit, organize content on the site, which is pretty similar to Wikipedia, but it is developed few years before Wikipedia came into existence. Therefore, he won the ArsDigita Prize, given to young people who create “useful, educational, and collaborative” non-commercial websites. At age 14, he became a member of the working group that authored the RSS 1.0 web syndication specification.

In 2004, Aaron admitted to Stanford University and Reddit later became one of America’s most popular sites, eventually acquired by Conde Nast. Aaron, therefore, becomes a millionaire before the age of 20. Even so, Aaron has been just using technology to do well, not to make money.

Later, Aaron engaged in social activities, the creation of the Open Library, and participated in the program on television to discuss Internet issues. He became principal of protesters opposed to the US government’s SOPA (Stop Online Piracy Act), in his view, this bill will lead to a massive loss of Internet censorship leaving the public Internet Freedom. In 2010, Aaron set up to promote Internet freedom and privacy “seeking Advancement” (Demand Progress), and became the heart and soul of the organization, vigorously oppose “Stop Online Piracy Act” (SOPA) and “Protection of Intellectual Property Bill “(PIPA). Aaron eventually made this incredible victory.

Aaron because of his “hacking” into complex cases chose to commit suicide and left us, left his lifetime trying to change the world.


In 2001, Swartz joined the RDFCore working group at the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), where he authored RFC 3870, Application/RDF+XML Media Type Registration. The document described a new media type, “RDF/XML“, designed to support the Semantic Web.


Swartz was a major contributor to Markdown, a lightweight markup language for generating HTML, and author of its html2text translator. The syntax for Markdown was influenced by Swartz’s earlier atx language (2002), which today is primarily remembered for its syntax for specifying headers, known as atx-style headers:

# H1-header

## H2-header

###### H6-header

Markdown itself remains in widespread use.


Swartz volunteered as an editor at Wikipedia, and in 2006, he ran unsuccessfully for the Wikimedia Foundation’s Board of Trustees. Also in 2006, Swartz wrote an analysis of how Wikipedia articles are written, and concluded that the bulk of the actual content comes from tens of thousands of occasional contributors, or “outsiders”, each of whom may not make many other contributions to the site, while a core group of 500 to 1,000 regular editors tend to correct spelling and other formatting errors. According to Swartz: “the formatters aid the contributors, not the other way around.”

His conclusions, based on the analysis of edit histories of several randomly selected articles, contradicted the opinion of Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales, who believed the core group of regular editors, were providing most of the content while thousands of others contributed to formatting issues. Swartz came to his conclusions by counting the total number of characters added by an editor to a particular article—while Wales counted the total number of edits


In 2008, Swartz worked with Virgil Griffith to design and implement Tor2web, an HTTP proxy for Tor-hidden services. The proxy was designed to provide easy access to Tor from a basic web browser.

However, depression is like a ghost, always hiding in the shadows waiting for an opportunity to extend his claws. He wrote on the blog text to read often. In the blog article entitled “sick” of Aaron, he wrote: “In the past few weeks I’ve been lying in bed, drink only liquid at this time, I was sick, and it is four diseases – cold, stomach pain, migraine, and bad mood struck together.” His mother said: “We always knew he was suffering from depression, but never knew he experienced so much pain.”

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